02.16.2018 - Winston debuted in Colorado with co owner Brenda Heimbach by taking BOB over 3 specials!

01.14.2018 - Bran won BOB and a Group 4 his first weekend out in 2018. He will probably take some time off until summer due to shedding but hope to see more of him soon!

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Elizabeth Heckert
Hampton, VA

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What is the Breed Standard?

The breed standard is a written document that describes the ideal Pomeranian. It is the "standard of perfection" for which all breeders of Pomeranians should be striving. The standard has been gradually revised and refined over the last century by Pomeranian fanciers up until the present day. Contrary to popular belief, the standard is not created or set by AKC, it is controlled by the American Pomeranian Club and its members, which consist of hundreds of Pomeranian breeders, exhibitors, judges, handlers, and owners. It is the Pomeranian fancy, as a whole, that decides as a general concensus what the standard should be.

The Pomeranian Breed Standard

Why Have a Standard?

The Pomeranian is a purebred dog. Pure breeds were all created for a purpose and with specific characteristics in mind. If we did not breed for these specific characteristics, they would gradually be lost over time. If you don't select for specific traits unique to a breed, then you lose them. So, whenever a Pomeranian is bred, it SHOULD be with these unique characteristics in mind, and with the aim being to continue these traits on (and improve on the dog where it is faulty) in the next generation. If breeders didn't do this, we would no longer see Pomeranians as we think of them: double-coated, spitz-type dogs with short backs, short muzzles, small, high-set ears, a tail that lies flat on the back that weigh 3 to 7 pounds.

In fact, you already see this phenomenon in action when you look at the dogs bred by people who do not show their dogs or keep the breed standard in mind when breeding; they tend to have larger (7lb+) poms, with long backs relative to their length of leg, long pointy muzzles, large ears, and incorrect flat coats. This is why so many pet buyers are disappointed when they go to buy a puppy and it grows up looking nothing like the small, heavily coated, short-muzzled pom they saw on the TV at Westminster.

Testing Your Dog Against the Standard

Anyone who is a breeder or who would like to be, needs to compare each of their dogs to the written breed standard to find out where they do and do not "conform" to the standard. But first you have to understand the standard. Reading it is only the begginning. Some of the language is vague or hard to understand if you are a new person. To a certain degree you have to refine your "eye" before you can really see the distinction between a dog who does largely conform to the standard and one who does not.

While a lot of study (of real dogs, of the standard, and of articles on the standard, structure, and movement) can help, breeders also need to "put their dogs to the test". This is done by entering your dogs in shows. At a show, a judge, who is knowledgable about the breed standard, will evaluate your dog and rank them relative to the competition. The idea here is to get an OBJECTIVE opinion on the extent to which your dog exemplifies the breed. Anyone can SAY their dog is a great example of the breed--but does anyone else agree? Reputable breeders will enter most of their breeding stock in shows at some point in their lives, and will show quite a few of them to enough wins to attain their Championship. This says that enough judges felt their dog was a superb example of the breed that they are worthy of that title.

It is vital that breeders get outside opinions on their breeding stock so they can guard against "Kennel blindness"-- which basically means believing your dogs are better (or perhaps perfect!) than they really are because you are blinded by your love for your own dogs or perhaps your own ego.

A Closer Look

"If you don't have the ideal constantly and clearly before you
and don't regularly measure and explain your failures to attain it,
you will never come close to what you are striving for."

A Closer Look is a series of articles written by breeder Chris Heartz (Chriscendo) and originally published in the early 1990s in a breed magazine. These articles were a godsend to me when I was learning the breed standard originally, because they clearly describe and illustrate the various parts of the standard as they should ideally be, as well as illustrating some common faults to be avoided. I really think these articles are a MUST for any new exhibitor/breeder, as well as any other breeder/exhibitor who would like to freshen up their mental picture of what our breed should and shouldn't be.

It was recently reprinted in the Pom Review so if you would like hard copies you may be able to order back issues from the American Pomeranian Club.

Chris has graciously allowed me to reproduce these articles electronically on my website. The scans aren't always the best quality or easiest to read, but I hope you enjoy these informative articles and drawings despite that.


I will be adding them as I have time